Plurals - What are they?

The plural form of a noun indicates more than one of the noun. Plural forms vary in English; here are some examples.

Never add an apostrophe when adding an ‘s’ to make a noun plural!


Many singular nouns can be made plural by just adding 's' or 'es'

For example, ‘book’ is singular and the plural is ‘books’
Similarly ‘girl’ becomes ‘girls’ and ‘coat’ becomes ‘coats’

For nouns that already end in ‘s’, or ‘h’, you have to add ‘es’:
hiss becomes hisses
church becomes churches
lunch becomes lunches

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Words ending in 'o'

tomato becomes tomatoes
buffalo becomes buffaloes
cargo becomes cargoes
echo becomes echoes
potato becomes potatoes
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Some interesting plurals

woman becomes women
mouse becomes mice
tooth becomes teeth
louse becomes lice
foot becomes feet
child becomes children

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Words ending in 'f' or 'fe'

half becomes halves
calf becomes calves
life becomes lives
wife becomes wives
thief becomes thieves

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Can you make these singular nouns into plurals? They could be challenging!

goose
crisis
trousers
scissors
formula
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Some singular nouns are also plural - and some are always plural

sheep
fish

Always plural:
spaghetti
macaroni

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